The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) was adopted by the UN General Assembly on September 13, 2007. The UNDRIP includes 46 articles related to the human rights of Indigenous peoples.
Between 2007 and 2015, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRC) travelled Canada listening to over 6,500 former residential school students, their families, and their communities bearing witness to the legacy of the residential school system. In 2015, in order to redress that legacy and advance the process of Canadian reconciliation, the TRC presented an executive summary of the findings, which contained 94 specific calls to action. Many of the calls to action align with and reference UNDRIP.
The UNDRIP was endorsed by Canada in 2016. In December 2020, the Government of Canada introduced legislation to implement the declaration, which passed into law on June 21, 2021. This act requires the Government of Canada to ensure its laws are consistent with the UNDRIP, to prepare an action plan related to the UNDRIP's objectives, and to report on the progress of the action plan annually.
The Province of British Columbia passed the declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act (Declaration Act) into law in November 2019. The Declaration Act establishes the UNDRIP as the Province’s framework for reconciliation, as called for by the TRC’s calls to action.