Asbestos Abatement and Safe Disposal

About Asbestos

Asbestos represents a group of naturally occurring fibrous minerals that were used in the past to add strength and longevity to building and insulating materials, provide soundproofing and fire resistance.

According to Health Canada, until the early 1990s, industry, construction, and commercial sectors used asbestos in products such as:

  • cement and plaster
  • industrial furnaces and heating systems
  • building insulation
  • floor and ceiling tiles
  • house siding
  • car and truck brake pads
  • vehicle transmission components, such as clutches

Since 1990, however, use of asbestos has been phased out across Canada based on the negative health impacts caused by inhaling asbestos fibres. View our City map that shows potential asbestos-containing buildings. 

If you are planning renovations or demolitions to a home or building constructed prior to 1990, hire a qualified professional to conduct a hazard assessment and test for asbestos. 

Safe Disposal of Potential Asbestos-Containing Material

The City of Kamloops and its landfill contractors follow specific safety protocols for managing known asbestos-containing materials at our landfill sites. Asbestos waste is a hazardous material and must never be included in your household garbage.

New rules have been implemented to protect workers and the public from the risk of asbestos exposure at solid waste disposal facilities. These rules apply to any of the common sources listed above.

The City of Kamloops has classified the following materials as Potential Asbestos Containing Materials (PACM):

  • Gypsum wall board and mud compound
  • Plaster and plaster board
  • Vinyl flooring and leveling compound
  • Ceiling tiles
  • Cement pipe
  • Stucco and cement siding
  • Spray applied insulation and attic insulation

If you are planning to dispose of any PACMs, here is what you need to know:

  • If it was installed before 1990, or is from a building constructed before 1990, it will be treated as asbestos-containing material - unless a hazard assessment with lab results is provided ahead of time. 
  • Asbestos-containing material must be double-bagged in 6 mil thick bags and sealed shut with tape prior to arriving at a disposal site. 
  • Potential asbestos-containing loads (residential or commercial) are only accepted at the Mission Flats Landfill.
  • Potential asbestos-containing loads will not be accepted at the Kamloops Resource Recovery Centre or the Barnhartvale Landfill.
  • You will be required to sign an Asbestos Declaration and Acknowledgement Form, regardless of the installation/construction date. 

Declaration and Acknowledgement Form 

Types of Potential Asbestos-Containing Material
1. New Construction

New construction materials consisting of unfinished cuts of gypsum (also called “cut offs”) or other construction related debris from new construction

Disposal Instructions

  • Signed declaration form required
  • No pre-approval required
  • New construction waste is assumed to not contain asbestos due to the waste materials being leftover/cut-off of new construction materials
  • Materials may be disposed of normally in accordance to City of Kamloops site regulations
  • DRC disposal fees apply - $160/tonne
2. Post 1990 Construction

This category applies to PACM where the origin, age, and content of the material is known to have been installed after December 31, 1989. It is widely accepted that construction materials manufactured after this date do not contain asbestos.

Disposal Instructions

  • Signed declaration form required
  • No pre-approval required
  • Materials may be disposed of normally in accordance to City of Kamloops site regulations
  • DRC disposal fees apply - $160/tonne
3. Pre-1990 Construction, Not Tested (Small Quantities Only)

This category applies to PACM from residents/homeowners only where a hazard assessment has not been completed (not tested for asbestos) and the origin, age, and content of the PACM is known to have been installed before January 1, 1990, OR where the origin, age and content of the materials are unknown.

Disposal Instructions

  • Signed declaration form required
  • Accepted at Mission Flats Landfill only
  • No pre-approval required
  • Materials must be double-bagged and sealed in plastic bags that are at least 6 mils thick (0.006 inches) before arriving at a disposal facility
  • Loads are restricted to maximum of fifteen (15) bags per customer per week
  • Loads only accepted from residents/homeowners
  • Material must be deposited in the appropriate location as directed by site attendants and in accordance with all other City of Kamloops site regulations
  • DRC disposal fees apply - $160/tonne
4. Pre-1990 Tested and Confirmed to Not Contain Asbestos

This category applies to disposal of PACM originating from buildings where a hazard assessment has been completed and lab results have confirmed the waste materials do NOT contain asbestos.

Disposal Instructions

  • Signed declaration form required
  • Pre-approval required
  • Hazard assessment (including lab results) and approval letter must be attached to declaration form
  • Materials may be disposed of normally in accordance to City of Kamloops site regulations
  • DRC disposal fees apply - $160/tonne
5. Asbestos-Containing Material (ACM) or Pre-1990 Not Tested for Asbestos

This category applies to disposal of ACM originating from buildings where hazard assessments have been completed by a qualified professional and the material has been tested and confirmed to be asbestos containing OR when PACM has not been tested and originates from buildings with a construction date prior to January 1, 1990 (exception for small residential quantities, see Category 3)

Disposal Instructions

  • Signed declaration form required
  • Accepted at Mission Flats Landfill only
  • Not accepted at Kamloops Resource Recovery Center or the Barnhartvale Landfill
  • Pre-approval required from landfill
  • 48 hours advance notice prior to disposal
  • Hazard assessment (including lab results) and approval letter must be attached to declaration form (if applicable)
  • Materials must be double-bagged and sealed in plastic bags that are at least 6 mils thick (0.006 inches) before arriving at the landfill
  • ACM disposal fees apply - $180/tonne
Frequently Asked Questions
Should I be concerned about asbestos in my home if I am not planning a renovation?

According to Canada Health and WorksafeBC asbestos is a hazard to human health when it is disturbed, thus becoming airborne in dust, allowing it to be inhaled. Asbestos that is contained behind walls, or within concrete is not deemed to be a significant risk. Prior to conducting any work on older homes it is recommended to have a hazard assessment done by a qualified professional. 

How do I know if I have asbestos in my demolition and construction material?

The only way to know for sure is to have a hazard assessment done by a qualified professional, this should be done prior to beginning any demolition work.  Unless properly tested, any PACM (see list above) from a building constructed prior to 1990 will be assumed to be asbestos containing and disposed of according to the extra safety precautions outlined above. 

How should my Pre-1990 PACM be bagged?

Potential Asbestos Containing Material manufactured prior to 1990 (Category 3 and Category 5 material) must be double bagged in 6-mil (6/1000 of an inch) bags and sealed shut with tape prior to arriving at our sites. Bags must be sealed and handled carefully to avoid the risk of material escaping the bag.

Where do I get 6-mil bags for my waste?

Ask your local hardware store if they stock this type of bag. A standard contractor bag is only 2-3 mil and is not acceptable for Potential Asbestos Containing Material. 

My load of demolition waste doesn’t contain asbestos - do I need to know these new procedures?

Yes. Regardless of age of material or test results, these procedures apply to all waste materials classified as Potential Asbestos Containing Material (PACM) which includes:

  • Gypsum wall board and mud compound
  • Plaster and plaster board
  • Vinyl flooring and leveling compound
  • Ceiling tiles
  • Cement pipe
  • Stucco and cement siding
  • Spray applied insulation and attic insulation

 

I’m bringing in demolition and renovation material not on the list of PACM - what do I need to know?

Demolition/renovation loads that do not contain and materials on the PACM list may be disposed of normally according to site regulations. However since this procedure is new to all customers and staff, you should expect an enhanced level of screening by site attendants. Be prepared to answer what specific types of materials you do (or don’t have).

What information/documentation do I need to bring with my load which includes Potential Asbestos Containing Material (PACM)?

All PACM regardless of age will require a completed and signed Asbestos Declaration Form.