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Public Works & Utilities » Water Meters

Water Facts

Did You Know

  • That Canadians who live in homes that are metered use 39% less water than those who live in homes that are not metered?
  • That the average residential swimming pool uses less water than the equivalent area of grass? This is because you fill the pool just once a year, but grass needs to be watered all summer.
  • That a steadily dripping tap can waste up to 880 Litres of water a day? That's 321,200 litres of water a year!
  • That residents of BC are the second highest water users in Canada? Only residents of Newfoundland use more*.

*Source: CMHC

Where Does the Water Go?

Ever wonder where all the water goes in a typical home? Most of it goes down the toilet. Surprisingly, very little of it is used for actual drinking. These statistics do not account for water used outdoors.

  1. Toilets 26%
  2. Clothes Washers 21%
  3. Showers 17%
  4. Faucets 16%
  5. Leaks 14%
  6. Baths 2%
  7. Dishwashers 2%
  8. Other 2%

Conservation Tips


  • Don't use the toilet as a wastebasket or flush it unnecessarily.
  • Take short showers - five minutes or less should do. If you prefer baths, fill the tub only one-quarter full.
  • Keep a bottle of drinking water in the refrigerator rather than letting your tap run to get cold water when you want a drink. (Rinse the bottle every few days.)
  • More than 50% of the water applied to lawns and gardens is lost due to evaporation or run-off because of overwatering. As a general rule, most lawns and gardens require little more than 2 to 3 cm (1 inch) of water per week. To reduce losses due to evaporation, water early in the morning (after the dew has dried).
  • When washing a car, fill a bucket with water and use a sponge. This can save about 300 litres of water.


  • Leaks can be costly. A leak of only one drop per second wastes about 10,000 litres of water per year. Most leaks are easy to find and fix at very little cost.
  • Leaking faucets are often caused by a worn out washer that costs pennies to replace. Most hardware stores will have faucet repair kits with illustrations showing how to replace a washer.
  • A toilet that continues to run after flushing, if the leak is large enough, can waste up to 200,000 litres of water in a single year! To find out if your toilet is leaking, put two or three drops of food colouring in the tank at the back of the toilet. Wait a few minutes. If the colour shows up in the bowl, there's a leak.
  • Toilet leaks are often due to a flush valve or flapper valve that isn't sitting properly in the valve seat, bent or misaligned flush valve lift wires, or a corroded valve seat.

All of these can be fixed easily and inexpensively.


» Toilets ~ you can install a water-saving device inside the tank or if the toilet is more than fifteen years old - which means it probably uses about 18 or more litres of water per flush - you can replace it with an ultra-low-volume toilet.

» Showerheads and faucets ~ after the toilet, the shower and bath consume the most water inside the home. Conventional showerheads have flow rates up to 15 to 20 litres per minute. A properly designed low-flow showerhead can reduce that flow by half and still provide proper shower performance.

Conventional faucets have an average flow rate of 13.5 litres of water per minute. Low-flow aerators will reduce this flow. In the bathroom, a flow rate of about 6 litres per minute should suffice, and in the kitchen a flow rate of 6 to 9 litres per minute is sufficient.

» Outdoors ~ during the growing season, water use can increase by as much as 50%. While lawns require a lot of water, much of this water is wasted due to over watering and evaporation.

Sprinklers should be suited to the size and shape of the lawn to avoid watering driveways and sidewalks. Sprinklers that lay water down in a flat pattern are better than oscillating sprinklers which lose as much as 50% of what they disperse through evaporation. Drip irrigation systems which apply water only to the roots zone are the most efficient - and the most expensive - alternative.

The water you use to water your lawn doesn't have to come out of a tap. A cistern or rain barrel, which captures and stores rainwater, can be used as a source of irrigation water.

For water meter concerns call 250-828-3461