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Parks, Recreation, & Culture » healthy landscapes, healthy living » Xeriscape Gardening

Seven Principles of Xeriscaping

These interrelated principles are essential for a successful xeriscape and can be tailored to suit your property, objectives, and resources.

  1. Planning and Design
    A successful Xeriscape requires a well thought out plan. Identify the conditions that will influence water use, such as sun and wind exposure, and slopes. Plan to group low water using plants together, group high water using plants together, and water them separately.
  2. Soil Improvement
    Use soil amendments such as compost, peat moss or manure to improve heavy clay or sandy soils, and to help them retain moisture and nutrients.
  3. Appropriate Plant Selection
    Low water use plants can withstand periods of dryness and high temperatures with minimal irrigation. There are many attractive and hardy flowers and shrubs to choose from, readily available at most garden centres.
  4. Practical Turf Areas
    You don't have to remove all of your lawn, but consider removing areas of turf that are impractical or difficult to maintains, such as narrow strips or grass on steep slopes.
  5. Efficient Irrigation
    Apply the amount of water that is required by a plant, with minimal wastage. If you have an automatically controlled irrigation system, adjust the frequency and duration of watering with the changing seasons (at least monthly).
  6. Mulches
    Mulches are applied to the soil surface to reduce evaporation and to moderate soil temperature. Mulches also help to control weed growth and erosion.
  7. Appropriate Maintenance
    The amount of maintenance required in a garden is related to the amount of water applied. Over-watering contributes to rapid, weak plant growth, fertilizer leaching, insect and disease problems and weed growth, all of which require maintenance. If water is efficiently applied, and Xeriscape principles are used, less maintenance will be required.

Karla Hoffman, Integrated Pest Management Coordinator
955 Concordia Way
Kamloops, BC V2C 6V3
ph (250) 828-3888

Note: All correspondence is entered into our system and will be directed accordingly. The City of Kamloops will endeavor to contact you within two business days. Thank you.

healthy landscapes, healthy living